Kathmandu is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a population of around 1 million. Also known as the city of temples, the city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 feet from the sea level in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley in central Nepal. The valley was historically called the "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of the Newari people, Kathmandu is and has been for many years the centre of Nepal's history , art , culture, and economy. It has a multi-ethnic population within a Hindu and Budhhist majority. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu. Tourism is an important part of the economy in the city. In 2013, Kathmandu was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by Trip advisor, and ranked first in Asia. The city is considered the gateway to the Himalayas of Nepal, Swayambhunath,Boudhanath and Pashupatinath.
Durbar Square is home to temples dating back to the third century, which is known for its spectacular architecture and flamboyantly display the skill of Newari artists and craftsmen for several centuries. The royal palace used be in Dattatraya and was shifted in Durbar Square. Durbar square used to be the palace for several Malla and Shah Kings and the palace too consist of different temples dating from 15th to 18th century.
The Kumari house In Nepal, a Kumari is a prepubescent girl selected from the Shakya caste of the Nepalese Newari Buddhist community. The Kumari is revered and worshiped by some of the country's hindus While there are several Kumaris throughout Nepal, with some cities having several, the best known is the Royal Kumari of Kathmandu and she lives in the Kumari Ghar, a palace in the center of the city.
Kal Bhairav Kalbhairav,this huge stone image of Bhairav represents deity Shiva in his destructive manifestation. It is undated,but was set in its present location by King Pratap Malla after it was found in the field north of the city. This is the most famous Bhairav and it was used by government as a place for people to swear the truth.
Hanuman Dhoka The Durbar Square currently named as is derived from the red monkey god, the art and architecture of the area are exceptionally fine. Here, we can see the red painted statue of Hanuman near the Golden gate of the palace. Hanuman is regarded as the protector of the entire palace. According to the scriptures present here says that the Palace was built by Gunakamadev a King in Tenth century. Though there are not any other written archives about Kathmandu Durbar Square the construction of palace in the square is credited to Shankaradeva.
Taleju temple Durbar Sq’s most magnificent temple stands at its northeastern extremity but is not open to the public. Even for Hindus, admission is restricted; they can only visit it briefly during the annual Dasain festival. The 35m-high temple was built in 1564 by Mahendra Malla. Taleju Bhawani was originally a goddess from the south of India, but she became the titular deity, or royal goddess, of the Malla kings in the 14th century.
Some other important monuments in durbar esquare are Mahadev Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Maru Ganesh, Bhagwati Temple, Saraswati temple, octagonal Krishna Temple, Jagannath Temple etc. Kastamandap had been built from single tree and the name of the city Kathmandu is derived from it. Other attraction of this palace are Nautale Durbar and the grand Basantpur palace which where Prithivi Narayan shah built a mansion to commemorate his victory over the city in 1768AD.